Wednesday, July 20, 2022

Ancestry's New Ethnicity Inheritance

 In February 2022, I posted an article comparing my DNA Ethnicity Estimates from the different DNA companies I have tested with.  To see that post, click here.  I mentioned I was puzzled about AncestryDNA not showing any German ethnicity, in spite of the fact that my paternal grandfather was German.  

Not long after I made that post, AncestryDNA revised it's Ethnicity Estimates in April 2022.  Their new ethnicity inheritance feature separates the two sides (paternal/maternal) of one's family.  AncestryDNA  can do this without testing the parents.  This information comes from the tester's DNA results - not from testing their parents.

The top image is my NEW Ethnicity Estimate from AncestryDNA  (April 2022), and below that is my old estimate from February (although it was last updated September 2021).  As you can see, I went from 0% German to 22% German.  The 22% German is right in the range where it should be.  Not sure why the German never showed up before, because I have many AncestryDNA matches with other descendants of my German immigrant ancestors and my tree shows all of my German lines back to the 1600's.  But whatever the reason for it not showing up before, my German ethnicity is now showing up - so happy about that😊😊 Ethnicity Estimate April 2022
German Ethnicity Showing Ethnicity Estimate September 2021
No German Ethnicity Shows Up

Your Ethnicity Inheritance by Parent

On the Ethnicity Inheritance page, AncestryDNA shows which parent one gets their inheritance from, as shown below.  I love this feature because it may help me eventually break through some brickwalls and figure out which ancestors came from Scandinavia (Sweden & Denmark) or Wales. Since both of my parents tested at AncestryDNA, I can also look at their ethnicity inheritance to see which ethnicities each of their parents (my grandparents) passed down to them.  Awesome😍
Parent 1 is my maternal line and Parent 2 is my paternal line.  I know this because Parent 2 shows German Ethnicity and the German is from my father's side.  Ancestry lets you assign a side as your paternal or maternal side, which I have since done.  Just to the right of the Detailed Comparison is a Edit Parents button.  Click that to label Parent sides as maternal or paternal.  

Ethnicity Inheritance by Parent

Maternal and Paternal Sides Labeled 

Chromosome Painter

Next - AncestryDNA "paints" our chromosomes with the regions associated with our ethnicity estimate.  How cool is that😊😊   The Chromosome Painter is found by clicking the tab "Explore now" in the bottom right hand corner of the Ethnicity Inheritance page.  If you use the tabs at the top of the Chromosome Painter, you have the option of viewing only one side such as Parent 1 or Parent 2 (maternal or paternal).  On the left side, you have the option of clicking on one region and only that region will show on the browser.  

My cousin's Chromosome Painter is much more colorful than mine.  In addition to our shared UK and European ancestry, he has Mexican ancestry which includes Spain, Basque, and Indigenous Americas.

Cousin's Chromosome Painter

Question of the day:  If AncestryDNA can give us a Chromosome Painter, why can’t AncestryDNA give us a Chromosome Browser to use with our DNA matches?😮?

Monday, July 18, 2022

FamilySearch Printable Family Trees

Family Tree Keepsake has a fun new way to view and print your family tree - it's called Family Tree Keepsake.

Once I signed into my account, I just clicked on the tree image I wanted to create.  A tree with my family members automatically appeared😍  Actually, in order for FamilySearch to create a tree, a person needs to first create a free account, and start a family tree beginning with oneself on FamilySearch Family Tree.

The first two trees shown show only the given name of each family member.  The names can be rearranged by clicking on the refresh button.  A tree can be printed or downloaded.

Keepsakes —

Thursday, June 9, 2022

Minnie Pearl Wilson

Minnie Pearl Wilson was my great-grandmother.  I have many fond memories of visiting with her during my youth.  

This is my favorite photo of Grandma Wilson (Minnie Pearl Hatfield Wilson).  It was taken about 1911 on the Rooker Ranch near Red Rock, New Mexico.  Grandpa Wilson (Charles B Wilson) worked on the ranch.  I really like the colorized version of this photo.

Grandma Wilson would take her 22 rifle out to hunt for a rabbit or squirrel so she would have meat to cook dinner for her family. 


Original Post:

clmroots: Fixin' Supper -- the "Minnie Pearl" Style

Charles and Pearl Wilson

 Charles and Pearl (Hatfield) Wilson

Charles B Wilson and Minnie Pearl Hatfield are my great-grandparents.  I have many memories of visiting Grandma Wilson (Minnie Pearl) at her little house in Cortez, Colorado.  As a young child, I would walk with Maymie from her house to Grandma Wilson's house.  Sometimes Grandma Wilson would send me out in her garden to pick peas, tomatoes, or green beans.  She also had a small flower garden with the sweetest smelling flowers.  

Pearl and Charles Wilson

Before and after Comparison

Wilson Family Photos

 Wilson Family in Color

Charles B Wilson and Minnie Pearl Hatfield Wilson are my great-grandparents on my paternal grandmother's line

Wilson Family Homestead 1918

Wilson family 1918
(Charles B. Wilson and Minnie Pearl Hatfield) 
in front of the Dry Valley home near Monticello. Picture taken about 1918.
Back row: Grandma Wilson, Vern, Maymie
Dad Wilson is holding Pat 
Front row: Alma, John, Buck 
Alfred Hatfield is on the horse and Susie is on the far right standing behind the post

Color comparison of the Wilson Homestead

Charles "B" Wilson and Minnie Pearl Hatfield Family 1926
Back row: Alma, Buck, John, Maymie
Front seated: Dad Wilson, Pat, Pearl
Picture taken at Bug Point, Utah about 1926

Original Posts:

Hatfield Photos - Before and After

Martin and Nancy (McNeil) Hatfield

 Below are Hatfield photos before and after being colorized and enhanced at  I really like the improved photo.  Martin and Nancy are my 2nd great-grandparents.  Both had passed away before I was born, so I never had a chance to meet them during their lifetimes.  But, the colorized photo makes me feel like I knew them.

Before and after being colorized and enhanced.

Hatfield Family Before & After

Above photo comparison of the Hatfield Family 1917
Son, Will and wife, Myrtle, and their daughters: Elsie and Mildred;
Daughter Blanche and son Alfred
Back row: Myrtle, Will, Blanche, Alfred
Front row: Nancy, Elsie, Martin holding Mildred
The red cross on Elsie's dress could have something to do with WWI?

Hatfield Oklahoma Homestead before and after

Left to right: Clinton holding horses, Alfred holding puppy, Grace holding horses, Martin holding a rifle, Nancy, Anna holding a rifle.  This photo was not dated, but guessing from the ages of the children, the photo was taken about 1909.

Related Posts:

Hatfield Brothers Reunion 1915

Hatfield Brothers Reunion

Boone, Iowa, October 1915

L to R: Hiram V Hatfield, Albert W Hatfield, Martin Monroe Hatfield, Henry S Hatfield

The above photocopy of the Hatfield brothers was taken in October 1915 in Boone, Iowa.  The brothers had gathered together for a reunion.  They were the four remaining brothers (out of seven) of parents John Martin Hatfield and Martha Jay.

The following news article reported on the reunion.

Boone News Republican, Saturday, 16 Oct 1915, Boone, Iowa

Reunion of the Hatfield Family
H.V. Hatfield, Wamego, Kans., M.M. Hatfield, Smith Center, Kans., and H.S. Hatfield, Lehigh, Iowa, are visiting at the home of their brother, A.W. Hatfield, 11 West Ninth Street.
The brothers are greatly enjoying the reunion, some of them not having seen each other for thirty-four years. 
They are all surprised and pleased in the wonderful growth and improvements in Boone since last visiting here.

Monday, March 28, 2022

Grandpa Baldwin’s Birthday

Happy Birthday Grandpa Baldwin 

Jess William Baldwin was born March 28, 1898, in Eliasville, Young County, Texas.  His parents were Allen and Mary (Stewart) Baldwin.  When Jess was about 15 years old, his parents moved up into Oklahoma - near Mountain Park, Kiowa County, Oklahoma.  It was in Oklahoma that he met a young lady named Mabel Leffel.  Mabel had also been born in Young County, Texas.  Her parents had moved to Oklahoma in 1904. 

Mabel and Jess Baldwin

Jess and Mabel married on Christmas Day 1917.  They were the parents of fourteen children and grandparents of 46 (50 including step-grandchildren) and great-grandparents of about 89.  In 1934, the Jess and Mabel Baldwin family moved from Oklahoma and eventually ended up living in Colorado, where a lot of the family still resides.

Grandpa was a stockman and spent most of his life buying and selling livestock.  He was especially good with horses and always knew a good horse when he saw one. He worked at the Cortez Sale Barn and later ran a Sale Barn in Montrose, Colorado.

Grandpa died 50 years ago on March 8, 1972.  He has been missed everyday of those 50 years by his family.

Sunday, March 13, 2022

Cause of Death for Ancestors

This past month, I spent several weeks at the hospital with my husband.  He had surgery to repair a kinked intestinal blockage.  The surgeon mentioned to me that in times past people would die from blocked intestines/bowels.  Since I had never heard of anyone having it, I wondered how common the ailment was.  So, I decided to go to the Mortality Schedules on to see if I could find anyone listed in the 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 enumerations who died from an intestinal blockage.  After playing around with different words and terms that might mean the same thing, I came up with the right words - Congestion of the Bowels.  There were actually 45,409 deaths from Congestion of the Bowels.  That is a lot of deaths and all of those would have been painful, miserable deaths.  

Cause of Death 

Mortality Schedules were included in the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 US Federal Censuses.  The mortality schedules asked questions regarding those who died in the 12 months prior to the census enumeration.  During the 1850 to 1880 time period, the mortality schedules are among the best sources for cause of death if your ancestor happened to die in the year leading up to the census.  

Of course, the best place to find a cause of death is a death record/certificate.  Most states did not start recording deaths until the early 1900's, although some local health departments in larger cities began recording deaths in the mid-1800's. Most of our ancestors lived on the frontiers of Oklahoma and Texas in the late 1800's and early 1900's.  Death certificates were not widely available in Oklahoma and Texas until the 1920's and sometimes even into the mid 1930's - especially in Oklahoma. The son of the below mentioned James Wilson, our great-grandfather William Wilson, died in Oklahoma in 1920 - NO death certificate, NO obituary, NO headstone.  

Other sources for finding a cause of death prior to death certificates being issued are obituaries, newspaper articles, military records, pension records, biographies, local history books, and family records/stories.

Sometimes an early obituary might mention a cause of death.  The example below of the 1891 obituary for my 3rd great-grandfather, James Wilson (1814-1891), mentioned his cause of death as "tumor of the stomach".   Below that is a 1903 obituary for Elizabeth Weiss Martin and daughter, May Martin.  Both died of measles on the same day, March 8, 1903.

James Wilson Obituary
The Democrat. (McKinney, Tex.), Thursday, April 9, 1891 

Mrs. John Martin and daughter, May, died of Measles.
11 March 1903, Rock Island Argus and Daily Union, pg 8

In addition to obituaries, newspapers will sometimes mention a cause of death in a news article.  Several examples are found in the Republican Banner newspaper (Nashville, TN).  In 1845, there was a news report of a tree limb falling on and killing our 4th great-grandfather Britton Medlin.  In another 1854 article titled, "Health of Lebanon", our 3rd great-grandmother, Mrs Sam'l Medlin (Rebecca Morgan), was mentioned in a list of those who died of cholera.  

Republican Banner, Nashville, TN; Monday, April 14, 1845

Republican Banner, Nashville, TN, 8 Jul 1854, pg 2

Other records that might show a cause of death are Military and Pension records.  I have found pension records a great source for death information.  In 1914, 2nd great-grandfather Henry Stewart left Oklahoma and traveled to a Military Hospital in Hot Springs, Arkansas where he died. His death record with cause of death was found in his pension file.  If he had stayed home in Oklahoma, he would not have a death record during that time period.

Books, such as local history books, biographies, and family history books, will occasionally give a cause of death. David Miller Leffel's cause of death (2nd great-grandfather) is recorded in the book, Tainted Breeze, The Great Hanging at Gainesville, Texas 1862 by Richard B McCaslin.  David Leffel was one of 40 Union sympathizing men who were hanged by Confederates in 1862 at Gainesville, Texas.  David Miller Leffel is also listed on the Memorial for the men who were hanged.

Below is pedigree chart I created that goes back four generations with only the cause of death (if known) and age at death listed for my direct ancestors.  

Related Posts: 

Saturday, March 12, 2022

Grandma McNeil

 Sarah Margaret Cole McNeil


Sarah Margaret Cole McNeil

Sarah Margaret Cole, the daughter of Nathan Cole and Anna Margaret Goble, was born 21 February 1826, in Sullivan County, Indiana.  Her birth, along with births of her husband and children, was recorded on a sheet of paper that was tucked in an old family bible.

While Sarah's obituary states she was born in Sullivan County, Indiana, I have never found any records indicating that the family actually lived in Sullivan.  All records for Sarah's parents are found in Parke County, Indiana.  Sarah was living in Parke County, Indiana when she met William S McNeil.  She was 21 years old when she and William married on 17 October 1847 in Parke County, Indiana by Justice of the Peace Scott Noel.  .  

William S McNeil and Sarah M Cole Marriage Record
Parke County, Indiana

The young couple continued to live in Parke County until  about 1854 when they moved to Taylor County, Iowa.  In the 1856 Iowa State Census, William and Sarah are enumerated in Ross Township, Taylor, Iowa.  William and Sarah have two children, S.A. (Susannah Amanda) and T.C. (Thomas C.).  An older daughter, Eliza Jane, had previously passed away.

1856 Iowa State Census, Ross Township, Taylor County 
Wm S McNeil Family

Sarah's youngest brother, Timothy Cole, is living in the household with them.  Next door to the McNeil family was Sarah's sister, Abigail Cole Stine, and her family. 

William and Sarah moved again a few years later.  By 1860, they were living in Nodaway County, Missouri.  The census shows that two more children were added to the family: Rocksa (Roxie Ellen)  and Nancy (Nancy Abigail). The family is still in Nodaway County, Missouri for 1870 Federal Census.  The post office given in the census is Maryville.  Two sons more sons had been born into the family: Nathan H. and James H.

In 1878, the family moved to Smith County, Kansas.  William homestead land in Harvey Township, Smith County, Kansas.  William and Sarah remained in Kansas the remainder of their lives.

William died on 5 February 1894 and was buried in the Cedar Cemetery.  Sarah has not been found in the 1900 census, but was most likely living with her son, Nate.  In 1902, the McNeils  had a family reunion.  The following newspaper notice for the reunion was published in the Smith County Pioneer newspaper.

1902 McNeil Reunion

As mentioned in the above newspaper article, the family had their picture taken by Photographer Stone.  Below is a colorized version of the family group photo.

McNeil Family Reunion 1902

(Back row: Martin M. Hatfield, Nancy McNeil Hatfield, Thomas C. McNeil, Mary "Stella" Reed Hoyt, George Hoyt, Addie Ball, Noah Ball, Alma Peterson Hatfield, Amos Reed, Charles E. Hatfield. Middle row: Minnie Newbrey McNeil, James "Harmon" McNeil, Verna McNeil, Susie Hoyt McNeil, Nathan H McNeil, Grandma McNeil (Sarah Cole McNeil), Levi Ball, Susan McNeil Ball, Albert Reed, Roxie Ellen McNeil Reed. Children: Clinton Hatfield, Lenard McNeil, Juanita Higby, Nellie McNeil Miller, Lester McNeil, Blanche Hatfield, Blanche McNeil Miller, Alfred Hatfield.)

The family photo taken at the reunion is remarkable for several reasons: (1) Only known picture of Sarah Margaret Cole McNeil was taken at this reunion and (2) All of Sarah's living children were at the reunion and in the photo.

Another picture was taken at the reunion.  This photo was of Grandma McNeil (Sarah Margaret Cole McNeil) and her children.  Back row (L-R) Harmon McNeil, Nathan McNeil, and Thomas McNeil.  Sarah and daughters are sitting in the front row (L-R): Nancy McNeil Hatfield, Grandma Sarah Cole McNeil, Susannah McNeil Ball, and Roxie Ellen McNeil Reed.  

Grandma McNeil and her children 1902

Below is a close-up of Grandma McNeil.  It is the only known photo of Sarah M Cole McNeil.

Sarah M Cole McNeil 

Sarah was known as "Grandma McNeil" to the community.  In 1899, Grandma McNeil is on the sick list by the Smith County Pioneer Newspaper.  And in 1904, Grandma McNeil is reported to have been stricken with apoplexy (incapacity resulting from a stroke).

Smith County Pioneer Newspaper
9 Feb 1899

Smith County Pioneer Newspaper
8 Dec 1904
Sarah died two months later on 5 February 1905.  She was almost 79 years old.  Sarah was buried in the Cedar Cemetery next to her husband, William.

Grandma McNeil Obituary
Smith County Pioneer, 2 Feb 1905

McNeil Headstone
Cedar Cemetery

Sunday, March 6, 2022

Remember the Alamo

This day, one hundred eighty-six years ago, was an eventful day in our family's history. The Battle of the Alamo took place on March 6, 1836.

Our Sadler and Lindley ancestors made the move from Illinois to Texas in 1833.  They, along with many other colonists living in Texas, were accustomed to the freedoms they had enjoyed previous to moving into Texas and were not happy with Mexico's increasing dictatorial attempts.  

Texas in Revolution
23 Oct 1835, Richmond Enquirer, pg 4

By the latter part of 1835, the Texians were engaging in battles and revolting against the Mexican government.  Our family's Jonathan Lindley was part of this movement of revolt. 

Jonathan Lindley joined Capt. Carey's Company in the regular Texas Army in the fall of 1835.  Jonathan then participated in the Battle of the Bexar on December 14, 1835, in which the Texians captured the city of  San Antonio de Bexar and fortified the Alamo into a fort.  Afterwards, Jonathan and many others returned home for Christmas hoping that the Revolution was over.  At some point in time after the first of the year, Jonathan returned to help defend the Alamo.

Alamo Battle - Texas State Archives

On February 23, 1836, a Mexican army commanded by General Santa Anna began a siege of the Alamo.  The siege lasted for 13 days.  At dawn on March 6, 1836, Santa Anna's Mexican assault troops stormed the Alamo and overpowered the Texians.   All the defenders of the Alamo, about 189 men, were killed in the battle, which lasted about 90 minutes.  After the battle, Santa Anna had the bodies of the dead stacked and burned.  

Battle of the Alamo

During the siege, on March 2, 1836, a congress of Texians convened at Washington-on-the-Brazos and declared Texan Independence from Mexico.  News of the Alamo's fall, prompted many to join Sam Houston's army and fight for Texan Independence.  On April 21, 1836, the Texan Army attacked Santa Anna's army at San Jacinto.  The battle, which lasted only 18 minutes, was a victory for the Texans.  The battle cry for the Texans was "Remember the Alamo!"

The Alamo


Related Posts:

Jonathan Lindley - Defender of the Alamo 

John Sadler

Samuel Washington Lindley

Tuesday, February 22, 2022

RootsTech 2022


Join us at RootsTech

The World’s Largest Family History Conference

100% Virtual, 100% Free

3–5 March 2022

Sign up for RootsTech so you can enjoy:

  • Inspiring keynote speakers
  • Unlimited access to over 1,500 sessions
  • Expo Hall with companies from around the world
  • Playlists, chat, and much more

From me:

If you are interested in taking your genealogy to the next level be sure to register for the RootsTech Family History Conference by -- it's FREE.  And it's virtual, so you can attend in the comfort of your own home!!  

I have been attending RootsTech from it's inception in 2011.  In past years, I would need to pay a registration fee, travel to Salt Lake City, and stay in a hotel -- a lot of time and cost involved.  But, it was always worth it!  Over the years of attending RootsTech I learned so much to help me in my family history.  

Sign up for RootsTech 2022.  Learn from your favorite family history experts, listen to inspiring keynote speakers, attend the virtual Expo Hall, and participate in Relatives at RootsTech to see how you may be related to other RootsTech attendees.  Over a 100,000 participants have signed up for Relatives at RootsTech.  Maybe you will find out that we are related😊

Relatives at RootsTech 2022

Register for RootsTech 2022  

A Guide to Navigating the RootsTech 2022 Website

Thursday, February 17, 2022

DNA Communities

 According to AncestryDNA, a DNA community is a "group of people who share DNA because their relatives recently lived in the same place at the same time."  Whereas ethnicity regions (shown in previous post) go back 500 years or more, DNA communities are more recent - 50-300 years.  MyHeritageDNA also offers something similar called "Additional Genetic Groups".  Both AncestryDNA Communities and MyHeritageDNA Genetic Groups align with my known ancestral locations.

AncestryDNA Communities

MyHeritageDNA Additional Genetic Groups 

Since most of my ancestors have been in this country for 200-300 years, these Communities/Genetic Groups represent places my ancestors lived once they were in America.  In 2017, I compiled a list of my known immigrant ancestors and where they were from.  My ancestors who came over in the 1600s came mainly from England and settled in New England.  By the early 1700s, they were also immigrating from Ireland. A lot of those ancestors settled in Pennsylvania.  Then all of those early New England ancestors started moving south and west during the later part of the 1700s.  During the 1700s, a second wave of immigrant ancestors started arriving in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina.  This last group then moved into Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Kentucky, and Mississippi.  

The following pedigree is of the birth places for four generations of my ancestors.  Most of my ancestors in the fourth generation back (excluding my German lines) were born in the southern states during the first half of the 1800s.  One generation farther back (not shown on the pedigree), most of the ancestors were from Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, and Tennessee. 

4 Generations of Birth Locations of Ancestors

Related Posts: